The first step in the process is for the Owner and the Architect to meet, discuss the project and get to know each other. The Owners will talk about what they are looking for. The Architect will highlight any issues that will affect the proposed project. Scope will be compared to budget to see if expectations are realistic. If all parties want to move forward, then a contract is signed, and the process continues to the following phases:
(Not every project needs all services listed)
Full Architectural Services
Document Existing Conditions: - Photograph inside and outside of house - Research at town hall (septic, zoning) - Measure up house or confirm drawings - Draw existing plans, elevations, siteplan utilizing CAD - Build existing conditions model or SketchUp model - Build site model (if necessary)
Schematic Design: - Establish program (meet with client) - Sketch 2-3 schemes (plans/elevs/site), create models - Do cost estimates - Meet with Owner to discuss designs - Refine until one scheme is settled on
Design Development: - Plans/elevations/sections in CAD - Refine model (if appropriate)
- Interior 3-D SketchUp views (kitchens, etc.) - Rough out lighting/electrical - Final cost estimate - Apply for approvals (historic districts) - Select window manufacturer
Construction Documents: (For Pricing and Building Permit) - Prepare plans, elevations, sections, demolition plans in CAD - Specifictions; Wall Sections and Details - Interior elevations, Cabinetry and Built-in Drawings - Framing Plans (w/ Structural Engineer) - Window and Door Schedules; Electric/Lighting Plans - Site Plan (with Surveyor)
Bidding: (3 contractors, or negotiated price w/ 1) - Select bidder(s) with Owner - Walk contractors/subs through house - Relay pertinent information to bidders - Review bids when they come - Aid in Owner interviewing best Bidders - Review proposed contract - Review Payment Schedule - Fill out State Energy Form
Construction Administration: - Visit Construction Site at key intervals - Conduct meeting w/ Owner/Contractor - Prepare meeting notes - Review requests for payment - Review shop drawings of cabinetry - Prepare "punch" list (last work left)
Additional Services: - Interior Design (finishes, colors, products) - Approvals (Historic District, Variances) - Help deciding if you should add on or move - Master Planning - Kitchen Designs for pricing by showrooms - Design of Built-ins - Design Build with select contractors
When to Hire An Architect
You should hire an Architect in the following situations:
- Design is a priority.
- You want to explore several ideas.
- You want a Masterplan that shows several phases of work that can be done over time.
- You want a good set of drawings from which you can get several competitive bids.
- You need to get approvals for: historic district, variance, special permit, wetlands, etc.
- You want someone to help you navigate the construction process (ie an advocate).
- You need stamped drawings (required by some towns).